With only twenty of them recognized to date, amino acids are very basic, but necessary organic compounds. Talking in terms of chemistry, these are the substances that have an amine and a carboxylic functional group present in them. The difference between side chains is the factor that makes them unique from each other. The four key elements that are found primarily in all of them are-
- Carbon- Denoted with symbol C, it is a very versatile element and the base of organic chemistry.
- Oxygen- It is represented with the symbol O and is necessary for all living beings in gaseous form.
- Hydrogen- This first element of the periodic table is denoted using the symbol H.
- Nitrogen-present in the atmosphere in the largest proportion, this important element is also recognized by the symbol N.
An amino acid guide will help you understand these compounds better and you will get to know how and when they were founded for the very first time, what roles they play and if they are of any worth for the living beings or not.
Discovering amino acids that work well:
Two chemists of French origins discovered a substance in the early 19th century. They realized that it had some special properties and later came to the conclusion that it was the very first amino acid. Since it was derived from asparagus, it was named as asparagine. Following years led to the discovery of the remaining nineteen of them. Later theories also revealed that amino acids combined together to form proteins through a peptide linkage.
The significant role played by amino acids in the body:
You must be wondering that what are the basic functions of these organic compounds and what roles are played by them? In this amino acid guide, let us now discuss some of the tasks that they perform in the human body-
- They are responsible for the synthesis of proteins, breaking down the complex carbohydrates from the body and restoring body balance!
- They build up stamina and metabolism of your entire body!
- Making the immune system stronger, they protect us from diseases.
- Ensure proper functioning of the liver by preventing fat storage.
- Save skin from harmful radiations along with repairing the damaged tissues.
- They keep the nervous system healthy and enhance memory and learning power.
Importance of amino acids for every individual!
It is however interesting to note that the human body is capable of producing some of these acids by itself. No supplements are needed to be taken. On the other hand, there are few of them that the body cannot produce. Hence it becomes important to include them properly in the diet so that no deficiency occurs.